rajat sharma

History of Machine Learning: its evolution over time

Machine learning has evolved over the years in how we deal with technology. From self-driving cars to mitigating cyber attacks or enhancing customer service through assisted chatbots, machine learning has helped various industries grow and improve. 

Machine learning (ML) is a branch of Artificial Intelligence (AI) that aids decision-making abilities and fully leverages automated technologies for modern businesses. With the use of data and algorithms, it helps the software to learn autonomously from information. So, this benefits the machine learning computers to change or improve the algorithms by themselves without any input from the developer. 

Let us understand the early history of Machine Learning and its future applications, and how it has evolved. 

If you are curious about ML and AI, a machine learning Bootcamp can help you develop a career in data science. It is an ideal field, provisioning a thorough grasp of NLP, statistics, deep and reinforcement learning, etc. 

What is Machine Learning?

In simple terms, machine learning development is about building methods that allow the machine and computers to efficiently learn about data and information to improve the performance of the tasks by the applications. Therefore, the more efficient the data is, the better the outcome of the Machine Learning processes. 

Machine Learning systems develop prediction models from historical data and predict output for fresh input. Vast amounts of data help construct more robust models that forecast output more precisely. Instead of developing code for a complex problem requiring predictions, we can pass the data to generic algorithms that generate the logic and anticipate the output.

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Evolution of Machine Learning over the Years

With the help of the timeline, let us understand the beginning of Machine Learning and its impact on businesses. Also, a closer look at the important events will help to comprehend the evolution of Machine Learning better. It is also fascinating to know the phases of machine learning development since the inception of computers. 


The history of Machine Learning commenced in 1943. Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts created the first mathematical model of neural networks with electric circuits. This prototype demonstrated the feasibility of human-free communication between two computers. This milestone is significant because it provided a foundation for advancing machine learning.


In 1949, a book named “ The Organization of Behaviour” was published by Donald Hebb. With its hypotheses connecting human behavior to neural networks and brain activity, this book has the potential to become an essential resource in machine learning.

In 1950, a British Mathematician, Alan Turing, developed the “Turing Test.” The test was devised to determine whether AI has the potential or whether or not. 

The heart of the test was to understand the machine truly can distinguish between human and machine-generated responses. The experiment aims to see if machines can abstract thought and emotional expression. Whether the response is accurate or untrue is less critical than the questioner’s assessment of whether or not the answer makes sense for a human being. There have been many efforts, but machines have yet to be able to pass the Turing Test of Artificial Intelligence.


Arthur Samuel created the first computer-based educational program. The program was a checkers game, and the IBM computer became better at it as it played more games. It learned which combinations of actions led to victory and incorporated those learnings into future program iterations.


It was Frank Rosenblatt who created the first computer neural network, called the perceptron, to mimic the brain of the human. 


To automatically discover patterns in massive datasets, the Nearest Neighbor Algorithm was created. This algorithm aims to compare two objects and identify which one more closely resembles the other’s pattern. Applications include discovering patterns in data and making predictions based on historical data.


In the evolution of Machine Learning, in 1979, it reached a significant milestone with Stanford Cart. It was a remote-controlled robot capable of navigating its environment without human assistance using sophisticated 3D mapping and navigation techniques.


From 1981 to the 1990s, Machine Learning development was on the rise. Gerald Dejong and Terry Sejnowski introduced various concepts to train computers to understand data, delete unimportant information, and mimic words similar to a human baby. 


1997 marked the Machine Learning beginning of AI-capable applications and software that could work independently. Deep Blue, an IBM supercomputer, beat world chess champion Garry Kasparov in 1997. It was the first time a computer had ever defeated a grandmaster at chess, and it sent shockwaves through the human chess community. 


The rise of machine learning development was taken a notch up in 2011 by Google. Google Brain was a research group focused on building machines with AI and ML. The aim was to create machines that could learn from data, comprehend language, respond to queries posed in normal language, and reason like a human.

In 2014, Facebook created DeepFace, an algorithm that could identify and verify people in photographs as accurately as humans could.

So, over the years, computers can interpret, manage, and engage data astoundingly. 

Machine Learning Development in present day

As we have mentioned above, the evolution of machine learning since the inception of computers, data science, and ML experts are in demand in every facet of the industry. According to Glassdoor, a senior machine learning engineer in the United States is paid $ 1,23-740 annually. Machine learning is present in the following areas and is responsible for the development of technology in the following ways:

  • Many novel ideas and technologies have emerged as a direct result of the advent of machine learning. These include supervised and unsupervised learning, advanced robotics, the Internet of Things, analytics tools, chatbots, etc.
  • Machine learning in healthcare has revolutionized the industry by allowing doctors to take better care of their patients and their treatments. 
  • Education is another parameter that Machine Learning has revolutionized by helping students to gain a better understanding of what they like to study and tailor concepts and courses as per their specific needs. 


This is a comprehensive guide to the history of machine learning, with the most critical dates related to inventions and achievements. New computing technology and Machine Learning (ML) methods boost scalability and efficiency. When coupled with corporate data, Machine Learning reduces many administrative challenges.